Outpatient programs are a popular choice for those struggling with mental health or substance abuse issues. They help patients build new skills and regain control and purpose in their lives. But when deciding whether you or your loved one should opt for a partial hospitalization program (PHP) or an intensive outpatient program (IOP), the choice may feel daunting.
This article aims to change that. Old Vineyard Behavioral Health Services walks you through the differences between PHPs and IOPs, including their core goals and benefits, and how to make the best choice.
What Is an Outpatient Program?
Before diving into whether you should choose a mental health partial hospitalization program or an intensive outpatient program, we should first understand what an outpatient program is.
An outpatient program treats behavioral health struggles such as mental health or substance use issues without requiring that the patient stay in a medical facility for over 24 hours. It treats conditions such as trauma, depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, eating disorders and substance use disorders.
Overall, outpatient programs aim to provide patients with coping skills that enable them to engage in a healthy and fulfilled lifestyle.
There are generally two kinds of outpatient services: Partial hospitalization programs (PHPs) or intensive outpatient programs (IOPs). Let’s dive into the unique benefits, characteristics and differences between the two.
What Is a Partial Hospitalization Program (PHP)?
Partial hospitalization programs provide a structured level of care for those with moderate behavioral health issues. It may be presented as an alternative to prevent inpatient hospitalization or be recommended to patients who have been recently discharged from an inpatient program as they continue their road to recovery.
The highly structured nature of PHPs, therefore, may prove beneficial to those who either struggle to manage their day-to-day lives, require a higher level of care or are finding the sudden reintegration into their routine after an inpatient stay too daunting.
PHP treatment occurs in a therapeutic center (such as a treatment facility) and is conducted by a licensed medical professional. It usually occurs 3-5 times per week, in 4-8 hour sessions. Old Vineyard’s partial hospitalization program, for example, meets five times per week (Monday through Friday) from 9:30 a.m. to 3:30 a.m.
Given the length of a session, food is typically served and, if the patient is a child/adolescent, schooling can be provided to make up for missed days.
PHPs are not designed to be a long-term solution to behavioral health problems. Rather, they should be understood as the next step in one’s path toward healing.
Partial hospitalization programs may involve family, individual and group therapy.
Of course, the intensity and duration of the program depend on the unique needs of the patient and the specific issues they are dealing with. For additional information, you should consult a medical professional.
What Is an Intensive Outpatient Program (IOP)?
An intensive outpatient program (IOP) provides psychiatric therapeutic care to those with mild behavioral health symptoms. It is often the logical next step after completing a partial hospitalization program, but it is typically available to anyone struggling with a mental health or substance abuse condition.
IOPs are conducted by a licensed medical professional in some variation of a therapeutic environment (whether that be a psychiatric treatment center, a psychiatrist’s office or a hospital). In recent years, virtual visits have also become popular.
Intensive outpatient therapy occurs at least 2-3 days a week, but unlike partial hospitalization programs, sessions only last a few hours. This enables patients to carry on with their day-to-day life with minimal disruptions. Old Vineyard’s intensive outpatient program, for example, meets three times per week (days flexible) from 9:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m.
IOPs are typically not a short-term solution. Patients may choose to continue their visits for as long as they wish – another hidden benefit of IOPs.
Like partial hospitalization programs, intensive outpatient programs may also involve family, group and individual therapy.
So How Do I Choose?
Now that you understand the difference between partial hospitalization programs and intensive outpatient programs, how do you know which one is the best fit for you? Old Vineyard encourages you to consider the following:
- PHPs are designed for people with moderate symptoms, while IOPs are designed for those with mild How severe is your (or your loved one’s) behavioral health condition? Does it affect your ability to carry on with your daily activities?
- PHPs demand a higher time commitment on a week-to-week basis but typically end sooner, while IOPs require less of a weekly time commitment but may carry on longer. What intensity/duration aligns with your lifestyle?
- PHPs and IOPs are typically meant for people in different stages of their recovery journey. PHPs represent a transitional step between an inpatient program and an intensive outpatient one. While IOPs are normally designed for those in the final stages of recovery.
Figuring out whether you should opt for a partial hospitalization program or an intensive outpatient program is never a simple question. Sometimes, it may be difficult to answer these questions on your own. That’s why it is always best to consult with a mental health professional.
Help Is Waiting
Partial hospitalization programs and intensive outpatient programs, while different, both help patients develop the skills they need to thrive in spite of their behavioral health struggles.
At Old Vineyard Behavioral Health Services, we understand that sometimes life just feels too heavy, but you are not alone. Located in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, our compassionate team provides a judgment-free path to recovery. Old Vineyard’s outpatient programs treat adolescents, adults and seniors.
If you are in crisis and need assistance immediately, call:
Suicide Prevention Hotline: 988
Emergency Services: 911